Hydatid Cysts of the Tongue: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Main Article Content

Nawshad Muhammed
Gulmina Saeed Orakzai
Shamsul Hadi
Usman Ashraf
Tri Shaikh
Abul Khair Zalan
Vishal Lohana
Salman Shams
Sumia Rami
Hamna Hoor

Keywords

Hydatid cysts, Tongue, Echinococcus, Infestation

Abstract

Introduction


Hydatid cysts, caused by Echinococcus granulosus, typically affect the liver and lungs but can rarely occur in the tongue, hence presenting as a diagnostic challenge


Methods


This is a systematic review of the reports of hydatid cysts in the tongue up to April 2024, emphasizing diverse clinical presentations, diagnostic complexities, treatment modalities, and outcomes.


Results


Six cases of tongue hydatid cysts were reported in the literature, of whom three were male, two were female, and the gender of one patient was not determined. The patients were between 3 and 35 years old, with a mean age of 15 years. Only one case has hydatid cysts in the other organs, namely the liver and lung. Four cases were reported in developing countries. Clinical presentations varied, including tongue swelling, speech articulation difficulties, and swallowing impairments.


Conclusion


Hydatid cyst of the tongue has a possible endemic nature. It usually presents with painless tongue swelling. The primary management strategy is surgical excision, which has a favorable outcome.

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